Effective and Efficient Water Use Techniques to Adapt Climate Change

Environment and Climate Change Expert responsible for planning and managing field-based project activities.

Photo of Prerana Mishra
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Eligibility Criteria

  • I confirm that I am fully aware of the eligibility criteria and terms of the Act for Biodiversity Challenge and that I am eligible to apply.
  • I am 18 years old or older.

Initiative's representative name

Prerana Mishra

Initiative's representative date of birth


Initiative's representative gender

  • Woman

Headquarters location: country

  • Nepal

Headquarters location: city


Where are you making a difference?

Nepal, Province 5, Dang District

Website or social media url(s)


Date Started

July 2018

Project Stage

  • Established (successfully passed early phases, have a plan going forward)

Yearly Budget : What is your current yearly budget for the initiative?

  • €500k - €1m

Organization Type

  • Nonprofit/NGO

1. Founding story: Share a story about the "Aha!" moment that led the founder(s) to get started or the story of how you saw the potential for this project to succeed.

During the field visit for Local Adaption Plan of Action (LAPA), we came across the issues of uncertainty & uneven occurrence of rainfall, drought impacting untimely plantation & harvesting the seasonal crops led to a decrease in production per unit land. In addition, flooding at the time of harvesting sweeps out the consumable agriculture produces impacting huge agricultural lost even agricultural land based on farmers, changed cropping patterns, decreased soil fertility, loss of some local landraces, observed new diseases & pests declined productivity. These issues were the key points that led us to work in this area for climate-smart agriculture & water practices. This project was funded by USAID.

2. The problem: What problem are you helping to solve?

Middle Rapti watershed is facing issues like flooding, river cutting & sedimentation; drought & drying up of water sources; forest degradation & forest fires; etc. The communities are facing problems due to changes in climatic patterns. Impacts induced by such climatic stresses can be seen in their households, farms & surroundings. Thus, climate-smart water practices need to be adopted by the present generation to fulfill the need of the future generation.

3. Your solution: How are you working to solve this problem? Share your specific approach.

Even though community-based organizations are actively working on the issues related to water and agriculture, lack of proper approach and techniques have been noticed in the project area so far. Thus, the project will prioritize the needs that are to be addressed recently to combat climate stressors & adopt in the changing adverse scenario. The project emphasizes minimizing the effect of drought & drying of water resources in local livelihood assuming that, in the face of climate change, the agriculture sector of the watershed areas will be affected the most. So, this project aims to apply different new and smart strategies for the consumption of water for agricultural practices. Major focuses have been given in implementing water use efficiency, use of climate-smart water management tools like water recycling & groundwater banking. Hence, the project takes an opportunity to promote agriculture smart practices, water source conservation, building the resilience of smallholder farmers & behavior change campaigns to address the problems of drought & drying of water sources through series of activities.

4. Innovation: How are you innovating or using unique approaches to solve the problem?

GIS mapping of water sources was done as baseline research & most critical water sources were identified. Project communities were identified in close coordination with local stakeholders & project partners based on exposure to climatic stressors. Project was conducted in a participatory approach where a community was given ownership of climate-smart agriculture practices including climate resilience technique & water source conservation. We, later on, adopted learning by doing approach where we learned a technique that has been already applied by the community for mitigation of landslide & has positive impacts on site. Other organizations have applied technical knowledge into field but our vision is to learn from community and vice versa.

5. Collaboration: How does your initiative seek to bring key players together to preserve biodiversity?

Project activities were implemented in association with local partners {Community Forest Coordination Committee (CFCC), Gadhawa} & the local government agencies (Rural Municipalities: Gadhawa & Rajpur & Division Forest Office) while technical inputs were provided by the experts. GESI was included in each activity where participation of women & marginalized people (Dalits & Tharus) was ensured. CFCC, Human Welfare & Environment Protection Center (HWEPC) & other local government agencies will be coordinated for scaling up the project. An umbrella farmer group will be created with new & existing framer groups. Additionally, representative students from public schools will be chosen to promote project activities. Local Media (television, radios & local newspapers) will be partnered for behavioral change campaigns.

6. Impact: how has your project made a difference so far — in terms of both business outputs and social impact? How do you plan on measuring progress?

Commercial & off-season vegetable production has increased in the income of the community. Drip irrigation has helped with efficient & effective water use. Vermin-compost has wider economic benefits: sell worms & fertilizer. Also, 5 vermin compost have been replicated resulting in improvement of soil condition. 70 recharge pits, 2 conservation ponds, 2 water sources revitalization & 1100 seedling plantation have contributed to increasing groundwater table. This has neutralized the impacts of drought. 6 loose stone & 22 brushwood check dams have been constructed for soil erosion control covering an approximately 1.5-hectare area. Improved soil fertility, recharged water table & good health of the ecosystem are the positive impacts of the project by far. Altogether 200 individuals received different sets of training & 250 individuals got direct financial benefit during project implementation. Each farmer groups have been earning approximately €700 yearly.

7. Growth strategies: what are your main strategies for scaling your impact?

Since the project activities matched contextual requirement of the project area, target groups are seen enthusiastic about the continuation of such activities in a broader framework. So, an umbrella farmer group will be created which will be turned into cooperatives in the future. The further demonstration & training will be done to create climate-smart agriculture practices including climate resilience technique & water source conservation. Proper guidelines/ policy will be formed in association with governmental bodies for smart water use techniques. This will be incorporated in government’s Red data book & the idea behind this is to get benefitted from the facilities that government provides & for the sense of ownership among community.

8. Creating shared value: How does your initiative create value for society? Or different stakeholders?

Project comes up with sustainable community-based adaptation & coping strategies to address harsh climatic situations for agriculture. Marginal farmers with small land holding, limited irrigation access, low income, limited institutional capacity, etc. will get benefited from this project. The strategies would also make significant impacts on community development, capacity building & poverty reduction. Selling agricultural produces, vermin and vermin based fertilizer would act as a regular source of income at household level. Conservation of identified water sources will have a long term positive impact on the ecosystem & watershed creating a win-win situation for both farmer & ecosystem.

9. Financial sustainability plan: can you tell us about your plan to fund your project and how that plan will be sustainable in the short, medium, and long term?

The project has already come to end. For short term sustainability, CFCC & People’s Help Group (PHG) has been providing further training & monetary support. The 20% of economic benefit has been allocated for sustainability by farmers group themselves. As the framer groups are registered & have an authentic constitution approved from their respective RMs, they get benefitted from the facilities that the government provides yearly. These all are not enough for the long term sustainability as well as for scaling up of the project. Therefore, we have applied to different international organizations & Change Makers is one of them.

10. Team: what is the current composition of your current team (types of roles, qualifications, full-time vs. part-time, board members, etc.), and how do you plan to evolve the team’s composition as the project grows?

Our team comprised of two experts who have been working on the climate change & agricultural sector. These experts have committed to work for a common cause seen in Middle Rapti Watershed. A field-level social mobilizer has been appointed for regular follow-ups & monitoring the project activities. We look forward to working together for sustainable community-based adaptation & coping strategies to address climatic situations for agriculture as well as water source conservation.

11. How did you hear about this challenge?

  • Search engine


Join the conversation:

Photo of Isha Limbu

Very good project should be funded it will create positive impact on bio diversity conservation

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