Production of organic compost using effective microorganisms (EM) technology

Utilization of Effective Micro-organisms Technology to fast the organic composting method to helping farmers to boost their harvest

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Eligibility Criteria

  • I confirm that I am fully aware of the eligibility criteria and terms of the Act for Biodiversity Challenge and that I am eligible to apply.
  • I am 18 years old or older.

Initiative's representative name


Initiative's representative date of birth

January 1988

Initiative's representative gender

  • Man

Headquarters location: country

  • Rwanda

Headquarters location: city

Kigali city and Bugesera District

Where are you making a difference?


Website or social media url(s)

1. 2. 3.

Date Started


Project Stage

  • Growth (have moved past the very first activities; working toward the next level of expansion)

Yearly Budget : What is your current yearly budget for the initiative?

  • €10k - €50k

Organization Type

  • Youth-led initiative

1. Founding story: Share a story about the "Aha!" moment that led the founder(s) to get started or the story of how you saw the potential for this project to succeed.

Before completing my Bachelor of Applied Biology/Microbiology, I attended the East-African Community (EAC) regional conference preparing the COP21. The EAC Concerned ministries, Agencies, and NGOs were attended. The representative of Rwanda’s Ministry of Environment and natural resources and one from Rwanda Ecologist Association have presented. Their presentations touched me so much especially about the Global Chemicals Outlook (GCO-I) published in 2013 alerting ministers and decision-makers as the most pressing world challenges pertaining to climate changes, environmental pollution, and biodiversity threats. These presentations have pressed me to be the voice as one from the lowest level with strong link to community and nature.

2. The problem: What problem are you helping to solve?

The crop intensification program in Rwanda currently uses inorganic fertilizer to increase crop yields. 90 % of Rwandans depends on agriculture. However, the common problem among farmers is the lack of cheap and environmentally friendly fertilizer; the common is chemical fertilizer which is expensive (due to Importation) and harmful to health, fauna, and fauna. Rwanda Bio solution Ltd provides easy to get organic fertilizers that boost agriculture through producing it and teaching farmers.

3. Your solution: How are you working to solve this problem? Share your specific approach.

Rwanda bio solution aims at bringing the green solution to the current world issues, using clean, biological and sustainable technology. Our technology is the use of Effective Microorganism environmental-friendly and faster technique to provide compost ready to use in only two months instead of 6-8 months. We started producing organic fertilizers from domestic organic waste. With the progress, currently, we are using the public waste disposal in Bugesera City. Waste sorting techniques, we have workers on the site if the cars come with wastes they immediately separate from organic materials we need, mixed with specific fresh plant leaves for nitrogen regulation, transfer the waste in shredding machine to make it as small pieces to easier decomposition by microorganisms then products are transferred to the whole like hap and spray over with EM solution and mix again. Waiting for 2-3 weeks to turn it for aeration. The last step is Compost BOD measurement which is the key to know greenhouse emitted gases then compost is ready for use.

4. Innovation: How are you innovating or using unique approaches to solve the problem?

These imported chemical fertilizers produce a significant proportion of GHG emissions through soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions but also the accumulation of chemo-pollutants affect human health, water, soil, and air pollution. And other issues the gas emitted from landfills, the only methods used for waste treatment in Rwanda especially in urban areas. The innovation is the production of organic fertilizers using effective microorganisms, grass, domestic and public organic wastes. The organic fertilizers we produce are efficient, clean and cheaply accessible to all farmers which are the green solution for soil fertility and urban waste management.

5. Collaboration: How does your initiative seek to bring key players together to preserve biodiversity?

To preserve biodiversity, we get the raw materials from Bugesera district public waste disposal, Kigali city waste collecting companies, Restaurant and post-harvest waste from farmers and process it’s using the combination of both vermicomposting and effective microorganism EM technologies. Our fertilizer contributes to the restoration of infertile soil due to chemicals accumulation which is important in landscape restoration, erosion prevention and water sanitation which directly correspond to soil indigenous and non-indigenous fauna and flora re-integration.

6. Impact: how has your project made a difference so far — in terms of both business outputs and social impact? How do you plan on measuring progress?

The venture will have an impact on social impact by contributing to by both creating new jobs. Currently 2 permanent 12 sites workers, 2 TVET school internees are working. Also with 20 seasonal employees to collect grasses to company. 90% of all created jobs are to going to women and youths. 15 million Rwandan francs are expected to contribute to be paid in taxes, including TPR, TVA, and taxes on profits. The project will contribute to the private sector development by serving as both client and suppliers and creating a partnership with other business makers. In fact we will be huge buyers of bags (packaging) and suppliers to both agro-dealers and farmers. Organic fertilizers are all around the world known for its capacity to boost agriculture production quality and quantity crop product. With our product, Rwandan farmers will produce more with high quality and quantity. We are serving 3 women cooperatives and 120 farmers expected to be 1000 in the next year.

7. Growth strategies: what are your main strategies for scaling your impact?

Our main office is based in Kigali capital city where organic waste is plentiful and deposited in public waste disposal which is a big landfill threat. Next year we hope to open branches in other 5 districts of the country. In two years we want to at least be in the first 3 preferred brands in the fertilizer domain standards certification so that we can export the products out of the country. We will achieve this through quality and quantity products; low pricing and allow customers tranche payment; strong marketing through radio, TV, social media, and national public events and communication through mass gatherings like umuganda (every month last Saturday community work).

8. Creating shared value: How does your initiative create value for society? Or different stakeholders?

According to the report of MINAGRI (ministry of agriculture) 2015, that time annual level consumption of fertilizer products is 35,000 metric tons (mt) and expected to be 144,000 mt 2020, to meet the agriculture sector growth targets. Rwanda government support farmers with more than one-hectare farming land to buy chemical fertilizers up to 30% of the total cost. So we will co-operate with Local authorities, farmer’s cooperatives, and other sectors in the field. 1kg of chemical fertilizer cost 0.65 USD while our price is 0.17 USD and expected reaches 0.1 UDS helps farmers to save more money on their annual farming expenses and contribute to their welfare.Farmers may us Mobile Money to pay.

9. Financial sustainability plan: can you tell us about your plan to fund your project and how that plan will be sustainable in the short, medium, and long term?

Our business is incomes self-generating, we produce fertilizers and sell it. The challenge we can't granulate and pack it for easy to serve clients, so the majority of funds will be used to cover all requirement to produce granulated and packed fertilizers, such buying the full line composting machinery to produce granulated fertilizers, one specialized motor for safe transport of waste and final product to the market, and the cost of bringing the electricity to the site for quantity and quality production.

10. Team: what is the current composition of your current team (types of roles, qualifications, full-time vs. part-time, board members, etc.), and how do you plan to evolve the team’s composition as the project grows?

The venture is made of 4 member team: Mr.Elie is The Managing Director of company .He is doing a masters degree agricultural entomology and pest management; Mr. Jean Claude Ntamuhanga hold a master’s in public health. He is the chief operator and head of the field office; Mr.Ingabire master environmental health and sanitation. He is our current health and safety officer; Mr.Uwayezu Janvier is He serves as a finance officer has Oklahoma state university/USA financial courses.

11. How did you hear about this challenge?

  • Article in the news

12. Connection to Biodiversity: How does your project directly contributes to preserving and/or restoring biodiversity? Please share data to support your answer.

The current general intensity of inorganic fertilizer use in agriculture (MEA, 2005) is increasing biodiversity risk on an international scale between 1 and 5% ( Mozumdera Robert P.Berrens, 2007). Since our fertilizers aim at reducing the usage of chemical fertilizers, then contribute to biodiversity conservation. In addition our fertilizers reintroduce soil microorganisms in soil and provide a good condition for their growth hence turns as a natural restoration which is conservation specifically for soil biodiversity (Microbiota).

13. Example: Please walk us through one or two concrete examples that show how your solution will solve the problem you’re trying to address.

Currently, 1kg of chemical fertilizer cost 0.65 USD while our price is 0.17 USD and expected reaches 0.1 UDS which help farmers to save more money on their annual farming expenses and contribute to their welfare. In addition, farmers are using Mobile money payment to promote small business practitioners. Also, new jobs have been created. 2 permanent 12 site workers, 2 TVET school internees are working and with 20 seasonal employees to collect grasses to the composting sites. 90% of all created jobs are to going to women and youths. We are expecting to contribute to be paid in taxes, including TPR, TVA, and taxes on profits as the way of Rwanda's country’s sustainable development. Besides, harvest healthy foods, which reduce non-communicable diseases like cancer, obesity and so on.

14. Marketplace: Who else is addressing this problem in your environment? How does your proposed project differ from these other approaches?

Our competitors are Yara ltd, Tubura, Balton, ETS NKUBIRI ALFRED. All are the official importers and distributors of chemical fertilizers in Rwanda.  how does your project differ from other approaches? As in Rwanda we do not have chemical fertilizer industry, most of the project here in Rwanda import and distribute chemical fertilizers, our difference is the use locally available material to produce safe organic fertilizer affordable to all farmers’ levels. We are using Kigali city and two secondary cities dump fills (landfill) where our sorting targets organic waste. The landfill wastes have been confirmed to be one of the tops of Global Greenhouse Gas Emission if they are mismanaged. The processing of our product by decomposition of the organic waste using Effective Microorganism and Nematode Technology is the fastest and safe technology in the world, within 2 months our product is readily available to use at a low price.

15. Awards & Recognitions: What awards or recognitions, if any, has the project received so far?

Awards and recognition: DOT Rwanda 2015 got 1000 USD; Tony Elumelu 2016 got 5000 USD award after winning competition, the grant helped us to have our own working ground in Bugesera; 25000 USD grant from USADF Youth Entrepreneurship Program 2017; Youth connect of 2019 got 3000 USD in African Youth Connect Summit; Segal Family Foundation of 2019 got 3000 USD.

16. Financial Sustainability – funding breakdown: Please list a quick breakdown of your funding, indicating an estimated percentage that comes from each source.

Our business is income self-generating, we produce fertilizers and sell it. We have agents in 5 districts of Rwanda which expected to reach 12 districts after one year. We are working on only two cities landfills (Kigali and Bugesera) we are planning to reach in 5 additional secondary cities within 2 years. Up to know, the business funding 19% born from co-founders as capital to start running the project, 38% from income generation and 43% born from grant and donation. 75% of the total cash generated has been used to establish the working site, contribution at the city level on hygiene, sanitation and safety on the landfill in partnership with districts authorities and other landfill managers company (including plastic recycling, waste collectors companies), workers salary, advertisement, and taxes payment and 15% is reserved to be added to the next year capital.

17. How do you plan to influence your field of work if you are a winner of the Act for Biodiversity Challenge? How would you invest the prize money to leverage your work?

The challenge we can't granulate and pack or fertilizer for easy to serve clients, so the majority of funds will be used to cover all required to produce quantity and quality granulated and packed fertilizers, such buying the full line composting machinery to produce granulated fertilizers, one specialized motor for the safe transport of waste and final product to the market, and the cost of bringing the electricity to the site for quantity and quality production. This will sustain our venture and extend it overseas as is our dream. Also, we plan to be the voice of biodiversity change-makers in the terms of education of young generation, we already have a club to raise awareness and promote organic farming in Nyabihu Secondary school which expected to reach more schools from nursery to university level by creating vegetable organic green gardens in top target schools in 30 districts of Rwanda. This will contribute to the understanding of biodiversity conservation from childhood.


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