Dealing with racial discrimination can cause an adolescent to follow the path of developing a negative sense of self and negative ethnic identity. Alternatively, an adolescent can learn to understand the strengths of their heritage and can have adults deliver messages that counter the stereotypes that are projected in the media and through interactions with others. This process is called racial socialization. Racial socialization includes guiding and directing adolescents of color into making sense of who they are in the context of their racial heritage. This process, we assert, leads them to a path of resistance to negative internalization and promotes resilience. Since it is both through context and social influences that African American youth are developing ideas about where they fit in, and what it means to be African American, Mindful Jamaa’s groups provide the ideal context for positive racial socialization—adults counteracting the negative messages while also building a sense of self in the context of culturally-centered peer relationships. Through the curriculum, the girls form a sense of belonging to their ethnic group by learning more about their cultural heritage, including values, traditions, and articulating strengths. Mindful Jamaa's also extends the work beyond the group context. We engage and empower parent in communicating with their girls about positive African American identities through "conversation cards." This translates to not only exposure to racial socialization at school, but also parallel messages being delivered from home.